Causes, symptoms and treatment of unconsciousness

UNCONSCIOUSNESS :
Unconsciousness is a partial or complete loss of sense.

CAUSES OF UNCONSCIOUSNESS
1. Head injury i.e trauma accident ,CVA ( cerebrovascular accident)
2. Epilepsy
3. Hysteria : it is a state of tension in which there is temporary lost of control over the emotion .
4. Infantile convulsion : This is due to an increase in temperature,It is meant for infants.
5. Incase of severe burns, diarrhoea , vomiting
6. Heat attack
7. Diabetic coma or insulin coma or high level of insulin .
8. kidney disease.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
1. Breathing may be quick and fast .
2. Shallow and snoring respiration.
3. Dialated pupil : the pupil may react to light or may not react to light.
4. Cyanose : The colour may be cyanose i.e blue or bluish dark in colour especially in babies or infants.
5. The patient may response or may not respond to external stimulus .
6. There maybe rigidity of faeces and urine.
7. There maybe rigidity of the muscles of the body .

TREATMENT OF UNCONSCIOUSNESS
1. Admit the patient into the ward .
2. Four hourly observation observation of vital signs.
3. Daily bed bath.
4. Treatment of the pressure areas to avoid pressure sore , two hourly turning.
5. Carry the medical treatment out
6. Feeding: passing of N.G tube , passing of catheter and attach urobag or urine bag ,then releasing of catheter every four hourly and record the urine ,then maintain your intake and output chart

About Nursefaith 44 Articles
Hello____ my name is faith,and a nurse by profession loves taking care of people especially your health. I am here whenever you need me,for everyday care or life-changing care,you can count on me to keep you and your loved ones safe and healthy.

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