Causes, symptoms, treatment of gastritis

gastritis

gastritis

DEFINITION

Gastritis

describes a group of conditions with one thing in common: inflammation of the lining of the stomach. The inflammation of Gastritis is most often the result of infection with the same bacterium that causes most stomach ulcers. Injury, regular use of certain pain relievers and drinking too much alcohol also can contribute to Gastritis.

Gastritis may occur suddenly (acute Gastritis), or it can occur slowly over time (chronic Gastritis). In some cases, Gastritis can lead to ulcers and an increased risk of Stomach cancer. For most people, however, Gastritis isn’t serious and improves quickly with treatment.

SYMPTOMS

The signs and symptoms of Gastritis include:

  • Gnawing or burning ache or pain (Indigestion) in your upper abdomen that may become either worse or better with eating
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • A feeling of fullness in your upper abdomen after eating
  • Gastritis doesn’t always cause signs and symptoms.

    CAUSES

    Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Weaknesses in the mucus-lined barrier that protects your stomach wall allow your digestive juices to damage and inflame your stomach lining. A number of diseases and conditions can increase your risk of Gastritis.

    Gastritis can develop suddenly (acute Gastritis) or gradually and last for an extended period (chronic Gastritis).

    RISK FACTORS

    Factors that increase your risk of Gastritis include:

  • Bacterial infection. 

    Although infection with Helicobacter pylori is among the most common worldwide human infections, only some infected people develop Gastritis or a similar stomach disorder. Doctors believe vulnerability to the bacterium could be inherited or could be caused by lifestyle choices, such as smoking and high stress levels.

  • Regular use of pain relievers.

     Common pain relievers — such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox) — can cause both acute Gastritis and chronic Gastritis. Using these pain relievers regularly or taking too much of these drugs may reduce a key substance that helps preserve the protective lining of your stomach. Stomach problems are less likely to develop if you take pain relievers only occasionally. Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) does not lead to Gastritis.

  • Older age.

     Older adults have an increased risk of Gastritis because the stomach lining tends to thin with age and because older adults are more likely to have H. pylori infection or autoimmune disorders than younger people are.

  • Excessive alcohol use. 

    Alcohol can irritate your stomach lining, which makes your stomach more likely to be harmed by digestive juices. Excessive alcohol use is more likely to cause acute Gastritis.

  • Stress.

     Severe stress due to major surgery, injury, Burns or severe infections can cause acute Gastritis.

  • Your own body attacking cells in your stomach.

     Called autoimmune Gastritis, this type of Gastritis occurs when your body attacks the cells that make up your stomach lining. This produces a reaction by your immune system that can wear away at your stomach’s protective barrier. Autoimmune Gastritis is more common in people with other autoimmune disorders, including Hashimoto’s disease and Type 1 diabetes. Autoimmune Gastritis can also be associated with vitamin B-12 deficiency.

  • Other diseases and conditions.

     Gastritis may be associated with other medical conditions, including HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s disease and parasitic infections.

  • COMPLICATIONS

    Left untreated, Gastritis may lead to stomach ulcers and stomach bleeding. Rarely, some forms of chronic Gastritis may increase your risk of Stomach cancer, especially if you have extensive thinning of the stomach lining and changes in the lining’s cells.

    Tell your doctor if your signs and symptoms aren’t improving despite treatment for Gastritis.

    TREATMENTS AND DRUGS

    Treatment of Gastritis depends on the specific cause. Acute Gastritis caused by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or alcohol may be relieved by stopping use of those substances. Chronic Gastritis caused by H. pylori infection is treated with antibiotics.

    In most cases, you also take medications that treat stomach acid to reduce your signs and symptoms and promote healing in your stomach.

    Medications used to treat Gastritis include:

  • Antibiotic medications to kill H. pylori. For H. pylori in your digestive tract, your doctor may recommend a combination of antibiotics, such as clarithromycin (Biaxin) and amoxicillin or metronidazole (Flagyl), to kill the bacterium. Be sure to take the full antibiotic prescription, usually for 10 to 14 days.
  • Medications that block acid production and promote healing.
  •  Proton pump inhibitors reduce acid by blocking the action of the parts of cells that produce acid. These drugs include the prescription and over-the-counter medications omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (Aciphex), esomeprazole (Nexium), dexlansoprazole (Dexilant) and pantoprazole (Protonix). Long-term use of proton pump inhibitors, particularly at high doses, may increase your risk of hip, wrist and spine fractures. Ask your doctor whether a calcium supplement may reduce this risk.

  • Medications to reduce acid production.

     Acid blockers — also called histamine (H-2) blockers — reduce the amount of acid released into your digestive tract, which relieves Gastritis pain and promotes healing. Available by prescription or over-the-counter, acid blockers include ranitidine (Zantac), famotidine (Pepcid), cimetidine (Tagamet) and nizatidine (Axid).

  • Antacids that neutralize stomach acid. 

    Your doctor may include an antacid in your drug regimen. Antacids neutralize existing stomach acid and can provide rapid pain relief. Side effects can include Constipation or Diarrhea, depending on the main ingredients.

  • LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES

    Preventing H. pylori infection

    It’s not clear how H. pylori spreads, but there’s some evidence that it could be transmitted from person to person or through contaminated food and water. You can take steps to protect yourself from infections, such as H. pylori, by frequently washing your hands with soap and water and by eating foods that have been cooked completely.

    About Nursefaith 44 Articles
    Hello____ my name is faith,and a nurse by profession loves taking care of people especially your health. I am here whenever you need me,for everyday care or life-changing care,you can count on me to keep you and your loved ones safe and healthy.

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