Symptoms, causes and treatment of anaemia

ANAEMIA
Anaemia is a blood related disease that is more common in women. It’s the absence of iron in the body,the formation of haemoglobin is less than usual which reduces red cells in the blood. It reduces the oxidation attack in cells and the body does not get sufficient energy. This is the reason that the person suffers from anaemia.

SYMPTOMS OF ANAEMIA
With all forms of anaemia, tiredness or fatigue is most common symptom because of low red blood cell count.
Other symptoms include:
1. Shortness of breath
2. Dizziness
3. Headache
4. Coldness in your hands and feet
5. Pale or yellowish skin and chest pain
6. Fast heart rate or palpitations.

CAUSES OF ANAEMIA
The most common cause of anaemia is low level of iron in the body or lack of iron in the diet and heavy menstruation.
Other causes include:
1. Bleeding: bleeding in the stomach and intestines can also cause iron deficiency anaemia. This type of bleeding is sometimes a side effect of nonsteroidal anti_ inflammatory drugs or it may result from ulcers, piles, swelling in the large intestines or esophagus and certain cancers.
2. Diets lacking in folic acid
3. Conditions that cause red blood cells to break down too fast e.t.c.

TREATMENT FOR ANAEMIA ( iron deficiency )
1. Taking iron supplement pills and getting enough iron in your food will correct most cases of iron deficiency anaemia.
2. Following a healthy diet
3. Drinking enough water to stay hydrated
3. Exercise regularly
4. Avoiding exposure to chemicals that set off anaemia
5. Washing your hands often to avoid infections
6. Taking good care of your teeth and going to the dentist regularly

Do’s and Dont’s while following a diet plan for iron deficiency anaemia

Do’s
1. Include more green leafy vegetables in diet
2. Eat legumes to increase your iron intake
3. Include all variety fruits and vegetables
4. Eat lean red meat and liver, which are rich in easily absorbed iron
5. When you consume iron rich food include a source of vitamin c. Vitamin c helps with the absorption of iron.

Dont’s
1. Avoid eating dairy products 2 hours before and after you consume iron rich foods
2. Avoid coffee,tea and colas when trying to boost your iron levey
3. Avoid foods that contain oxalic acid, such as peanuts parsley and chocolate.

About Nursefaith 44 Articles
Hello____ my name is faith,and a nurse by profession loves taking care of people especially your health. I am here whenever you need me,for everyday care or life-changing care,you can count on me to keep you and your loved ones safe and healthy.

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