SHOCK: this is a case of circulatory failure and a drop in blood pressure, weak pulse and shallow respiration.
1. Cold and clammy skin
2. Rapid thready pulse rate .
3. Shallow respiration.
4. The patient will be restless gradually he may become unconscious if necessary treatment is not given.
5. The patient may have air hunger/ yawning.
MANAGEMENT/TREATMENT OF SHOCK
1. Reassure your patient.
2. Loose the tighten clothes around the neck,the chest of the patient in order to allow the patient to receive fresh air and free blood circulation to all part of the body especially the vital organs of the body.
3. Allow the patient to lie down on his back . Don’t give pillow to the bed so that , the head will be turned side ways /down ward.
4. Keep the victim warm and don’t over heat him /her.
5. Give your patient a pain relieve Incase of pain .
6. It rest the haemorrhage (bleeding .) then check the vital signs (blood pressure ). Then you prepare your i.v fluid tray .
TYPES OF SHOCK
Haemorrhage shock :
This is a shock as a result of bleeding.
Hypovolemic shock :
This means that the volume of fluid inside the body is reduced or small (vomiting , diarrhea ,severe burns).
Analphylactic shock :
It means the shock due to allergic reaction or it shock as a result of allergic reaction.
4. Neurogenic shock: This is a shock due to severe pain or hearing a bad news.
CAUSES OF SHOCK
1. Severe haemorrhage or lost of body fluid or lost of body electrolyte e .g diarrhea , vomiting, excessive sweating ,/ perspiration.
2. Severe physiological upset e g hearing a bad news.
3. Severe pains such as electrical shock or sudden bite.